Varanasi - Sergey Gabbasov - India (CD, Album) download full album zip cd mp3 vinyl flac
Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Jugaad Journalism. It appears your browser does not have it turned on. Please see your browser settings for this feature. EMBED for wordpress. Want more? Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! The album "Kyrgyz Krishna" was written after almost year and a half of studio silence recording as a session musician does not count and a sonic embodiment of impressions of ethnographic expeditions to Asia, Europe and Africa.
The material is very thoughtful, balanced and researched. Introduction of the album is presented variations on the theme of the first chords of symphonic poems of Richard Strauss' Thus Spake Zarathustra ", known for sci-fi film" A Space Odyssey. On the basis of which is the traditional Kyrgyz music and music played for Vaishnava kirtans, added powerful dub bass and classical effects.
Numerous eminent scholars and preachers visited the city from across India and South Asia. Guru Nanak visited Varanasi for Maha Shivaratri ina trip that played a large role in the founding of Sikhism. Varanasi experienced a Hindu cultural revival in the 16th century under the Muslim Mughal emperor Akbarwho invested in the city and built two large temples dedicated to Shiva and Vishnu.
The road infrastructure was also improved during this period. InEmperor Aurangzeb ordered the destruction of many temples and the building of mosques, causing the city to experience a temporary setback. Much of modern Varanasi was built during this time, especially during the 18th century by the Maratha and Bhumihar Brahmin Kings. The Kingdom of Benares was given official status by the Mughals inand continued as a dynasty-governed area until Indian independence induring the reign of Dr.
Vibhuti Narayan Singh. In the 18th century, Muhammad Shah ordered the construction of an observatory on the Ganges, attached to Man Mandir Ghat, designed to discover imperfections in the calendar in order to revise existing astronomical tables. Tourism in the city began to flourish in the 18th century.
The British Army committed a massacre of Indian troops and destroyed city residences during the early stages of the Indian Rebellion of Author Mark Twain wrote in of Varanasi, "Benares is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend, and looks twice as old as all of them put together.
The religious head, Kashi Naresh, has had his headquarters at the Ramnagar Fort since the 18th century, also a repository of the history of the kings of Varanasi, which is situated to the east of Varanasi, across the Ganges. Besant founded the college because she wanted "to bring men of all religions together under the ideal of brotherhood in order to promote Indian cultural values and to remove ill-will among different sections of the Indian population.
Varanasi was ceded to the Union of India inbecoming part of Uttar Pradesh after Indian independence. Varanasi is located at an elevation of Located in the Indo-Gangetic Plains of North India, the land is very fertile because low-level floods in the Ganges continually replenish the soil. Winters in Varanasi see very large diurnal variations, with warm days and downright cold nights. Fog is common in the winters, while hot dry winds, called looblow in the summers.
Varanasi division which consists of four districts, and is headed by the Divisional Commissioner of Varanasi, who is an IAS officer of high seniority, the Commissioner is the head of local government institutions including Municipal Corporations in the division, is in charge of infrastructure development in his division, and is also responsible for maintaining law and order in the division.
The current Commissioner is Deepak Agarwal. The DM is in charge of property records and revenue collection for the central government and oversees the Album) held in the city. The district has three tehsilseach headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate. The Divisional Commissioner of Varanasi acts as the ex-officio Chairman of VDA, whereas a vice-chairman, a government-appointed IAS officerlooks after the daily matters of the authority.
The Varanasi Municipal Corporation oversees civic activities in the city, the head of the corporation is the Mayor, but the executive and administration of the corporation is the responsibility of the Municipal Commissioner, who is an Uttar Pradesh government-appointed either an IAS officer or Provincial Civil Service PCS officer of high seniority. Water supply and sewage system is operated by the Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam.
The urban parts of the Varanasi district had an infant mortality rate of 70 per 1, live births in — Sushrutaan ancient Indian physician known as the primary author of the treatise Sushruta Samhitathe Sanskrit text of surgery, lived in Varanasi and practised medicine and surgery sometime during the 5th century BCE.
Sinceayurveda has been a subject of training in the Banaras Hindu University, and in a separate Ayurvedic College was established. Because of the high population density of Varanasi and the increasing number of tourists, the Uttar Pradesh government and international non-governmental organisations and institutions have expressed grave concern for the pollution and pressures on infrastructure in the city, mainly the sewage, sanitation, and drainage components.
Parts of Varanasi are contaminated with industrial chemicals including toxic heavy metal. Studies of wastewater from Varanasi's sewage treatment plants identify that water's contamination with metals and the reuse of this water for irrigation as a way that Varanasi - Sergey Gabbasov - India (CD toxic metals come to be in the plants that people grow for food. Varanasi's water supply and sewage system is maintained by Jal Nigam, a subsidiary of Varanasi Nagar Nigam.
According to provisional data from the censusthe Varanasi urban agglomeration had a population of 1,, withmen andwomen.
The population of the Varanasi urban agglomeration in was 1, with a ratio of females every 1, males. Religion in Varanasi . Hinduism is predominantly followed in Varanasi while Islam being the largest minority.
The city also agglomerate different religions such as Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism. The city is also a centre for Buddhist pilgrimage. At SarnathLord Buddha gave his first teaching after attaining enlightenment. Hence, agglomerating Buddhist population in the region.
In the sacred geography of India Varanasi is known as the "microcosm of India". Silk weaving is the dominant industry in Varanasi. The production of silk often uses bonded child labour, though perhaps not at a higher rate than elsewhere in India.
Hence, carrying forward the rich traditions of handlooms and handicrafts. In the metal manufacturing sector, Diesel Locomotive Works is a major employer. Tourism is Varanasi's second most important industry. DLW manufactured locomotives hauling load across the nation. While less equipped than the observatories at Jaipur and Delhi, the Jantar Mantar has a unique equatorial sundial which is functional and allows measurements to be monitored and recorded by one person.
The Ramnagar Fort, located near the Ganges on its eastern bank and opposite the Tulsi Ghat, was built in the 18th century by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh with cream-coloured chunar sandstone. The fort is a typical example of the Mughal architecture with carved balconies, open courtyards, and scenic pavilions. At present, the fort is in disrepair.
The fort and its museum are the repository of the history of the kings of Benares. Cited as an "eccentric" museum, it contains a rare collection of American vintage carsbejewelled sedan chairsan impressive weaponry hall, and a rare astrological clock.
Many books illustrated in the Mughal miniature style are also part of the collections. Because of its scenic location on the banks of the Ganges, it is frequently used as an outdoor shooting location for films. The Ghats in Varanasi are world-renowned embankments made in steps of stone slabs along the river bank where pilgrims perform ritual ablutions.
The ghats are an integral complement to the Hindu concept of divinity represented in physical, metaphysicaland supernatural elements. Many ghats are associated with Hindu legends and several are now privately owned. Many of the ghats were constructed under the patronage of the Marathas, Shindes ScindiasHolkarsBhonslesand Peshwas.
Most are bathing ghats, while others are used as cremation sites. A morning boat ride on the Ganges across the ghats is a popular tourist attraction. The extensive stretches of ghats in Varanasi enhance the riverfront with a multitude of shrines, temples, and palaces built "tier on the tier above the water's edge". The Dashashwamedh Ghat is the main and probably the oldest ghat of Varanasi located on the Ganges, close to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple.
It is believed that Brahma created this ghat to welcome Shiva and sacrificed ten horses during the Dasa- Ashwamedha yajna performed there. Above and adjacent to this ghat, there are also temples dedicated to Sulatankesvara, Brahmesvara, Varahesvara, Abhaya Vinayaka, Ganga the Gangesand Bandi Devi, which are all important pilgrimage sites. Special aartis are held on Tuesdays and on religious festivals. The Manikarnika Ghat is the Mahasmasana, the primary site for Hindu cremation in the city.
Adjoining the ghat, there are raised platforms that are used for death anniversary rituals. According to a myth, it is said that an earring of Shiva or his wife Sati fell here. Fourth-century Varanasi - Sergey Gabbasov - India (CD period inscriptions mention this ghat. However, the current ghat as a permanent riverside embankment was built in and has been renovated at least three times throughout its existence.
The Jain Ghat is believed to birthplace of Suparshvanatha 7th Tirthankara and Parshvanatha 23rd tirthankara. It is believed that the Jain Maharajas used to own these ghats. Bachraj Ghat has three Jain temples near the river's banks, and one them is a very ancient temple of Tirthankara Suparswanath. The Kashi Vishwanath Templethe most important temple in Varanasi. Shri Vishwanath Mandir has the tallest temple tower in the world. The 18th century Durga Kund Templealso known as the "Monkey temple".
Parshvanath Jain temple. Among the estimated 23, temples in Varanasi,  the temples most popular for worship are: the Kashi Vishwanath Temple of Shiva; the Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple ; and the Durga Temple, known for monkeys that reside in the large trees nearby. There are 15 mosques of significant historical value in Varanasi. Many of these mosques were constructed from the components of the Hindu shrines which were destroyed under the auspices of subsequent Muslim invaders or rulers.
The two well known mosques are the Gyanvapi Mosque and the Alamgir Mosque. The Alamgiri Mosque was built in the 17th century by Aurangzeb over the ruins of a Hindu temple. When emperor Aurangzeb had captured Banaras, he had ordered total destruction of all Hindu temples there.
Aurangzeb then built a mosque over the ruins of this temple in  and named it as Alamagir Mosque in the name of his own honorific title "Alamgir" which he had adopted after becoming the emperor of Mughal empire. Shri Guru Ravidass Janam Asthanat Sir Gobardhan is the ultimate place of pilgrimage or religious headquarters for followers of the Ravidassia religion.
The temple was completed in Sarnath is located 10 kilometres north-east of Varanasi near the confluence of the Ganges and the Varuna rivers in Uttar PradeshIndia. The deer park in Sarnath is where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharmaand where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. The city is mentioned by the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage to which his devout followers should visit.
It was also the site of the Buddha's Dhammacakkappavattana Suttawhich was his first teaching after attaining enlightenment, in which he taught the four noble truths and the teachings associated with it. Kulluka Bhatt wrote the best known account of Manusmriti in Varanasi in the 15th century. Several newspapers and journals are or were published in Varanasi such as Varanasi Chandroday and its successor Kashivartaprakashikawhich became a weekly journal, first published on 1 June Varanasi is a major centre of arts and designs.
It is a producer of silks and brocades with gold and silver thread work, carpet weaving, wooden toys, bangles made of glass, ivory work, perfumes, artistic brass and copper ware and a variety of handicrafts.
Varanasi's music tradition is traced to the Pauranic days. According to ancient legend, Shiva is credited with evolving music and dance forms. During the medieval era, Vaishnavisma Bhakti movementgrew in popularity, and Varanasi became a thriving center for musicians such as SurdasKabirRavidasMeera and Tulsidas.
During the monarchic rule of Govind Chandra in the 16th century, the Dhrupad style of singing received royal patronage and led to other related forms of music such as Dhamar, Hori, and Chaturang. Presently the Dhrupad maestro Pandit Ritwik Sanyal from Varanasi is working for the revival of this art-music.
In recent times, Varanasi - Sergey Gabbasov - India (CD, Girija Devi, the native famous classical singer of thumriswas widely appreciated and respected for her musical renderings. A special pujaaartiand a public procession is organised. The Ramlila of Ramnagar is a dramatic enactment of Rama's legend, as told in Ramacharitamanasa. Nag Nathaiya is celebrated on the fourth lunar day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu month of Kartik October—November.
It commemorates the victory of Krishna over the serpent Kaliya. On this occasion, a large Kadamba tree Neolamarckia cadamba branch is planted on the banks of the Ganges so that a boy, playing the role of Krishna, can jump into the river on to the effigy representing Kaliya. He stands over the effigy in a dancing pose playing the flutewhile an audience watches from the banks of the river or from boats. Kashi Naresh attends this festival in his regal attire.
The festival attracts a large number of devotees. It culminates a day before Kartik Purnimaalso called the Ganges festival.
On this occasion the Ganges is attended by thousands of pilgrims, release lighted lamps to float in the river from the ghats. Additional festivals include Alvida and Chehlum. A non-religious festival observed by Muslims is Ghazi-miyan-ka-byaha "the marriage of Ghazi Miyan".
Historically, Varanasi has been a centre for education in India, attracting students and scholars from across the country. Most notably, it is the site of Banaras Hindu University BHUwhich is one of the largest residential universities in Asia with over 20, students.
Collegeand Udai Pratap Autonomous College. Various engineering colleges have been established in the outskirts of the city. It is an autonomous organisation under the diocese of the Bishop of Varanasi.
It provides education not only to the Catholic Christian children, but also to others who abide by its rules. Another important institution is the Central Hindu School in Kamachha. This was established by Annie Besant in July with the objective of imparting secular education. It is affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education and is open to students of all cultures. P Board. The overall "state of education in Varanasi is Varanasi caters a lot of shooting Varanasi - Sergey Gabbasov - India (CD different film industries in India.
Newspapers are widely available in Hindi and English. AjHindi newspaper was established in in Varanasi. Indira Gandhi. InDoordarshan studio was setup.
Basketballcricketand field hockey are popular sports in Varanasi. Bheemrao Ambedker National Hockey Stadium. Gymnastics is also popular in Varanasi, and many Indian girls practice outdoors at the ghats in the mornings which hosts akhadaswhere "morning exercise, a dip in the Ganges and a visit to Lord Hanuman " forms a daily ritual.
Varanasi is well-connected by air, rail, and road. One of the major factors in Varanasi, is its access to all parts of the country. Within the city mobility is provided by taxis, rickshaws, cycle rickshaws, and three-wheelers, but with certain restrictions in the old town area of the city.
Over 3, passengers passed through the airport in —20, making it the 20th busiest airport in India. The total aircraft movement for the session was 24, while cargo tonnage equalled 3, Total footfall of the international passengers for the session wasVaranasi Junctioncommonly known as Varanasi Cantt Railway Station, is the city's largest train station.
More thanpassengers and trains pass through each day. Varanasi City railway station is also one of the railway stations in Varanasi district. It serves as Terminal station because of heavy rush at Varanasi Junction. Mughalsarai Junction railway station is also the important station in Varanasi suburban. Vande Bharat Expressa semi-high speed train was launched in the month of February in in the Delhi-Varanasi route.
Varanasi has following railway stations within the city suburbs:  . Auto rickshaws and E-rickshaws are the most widely available forms of public transport in the old city. The following National Highways pass through Varanasi:     . The heavy traffic of the city is monitored through Integrated Traffic Management System. The smart traffic management system equips the city with automatic signal control system, separate signal system for pedestrians, traffic management center at state level, area traffic control system, corridor management and dynamic traffic indicators for smooth movement of traffic.
National Waterway 1 passes through Varanasi. Ina new inland port was established on the banks of Ganges River. Due to growing population and industrial demands, the city is being implanted with several infrastructural projects. Some important projects are:. Inthe budget reflected undergoing rail projects of worth Rs crore.
Some important projects are: . The Varanasi Metro is a rapid transit proposed for Varanasi. Metro Rail is likely to be completed around There will be 26 stations, including 20 underground and six elevated on the two lines, which includes total length of The total estimated completion cost for construction of Varanasi Metro is estimated to be Rs. To maintain the financial viability of the project, additional grants have been proposed from the two governments in addition to their equity contribution.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Kashi Varanasi. Not to be confused with Varanasi divisionVaranasi districtor Varanasi Tehsil. For other uses, see Banaras disambiguation. Metropolis in Uttar Pradesh, India. Main traditions. Vaishnavism Shaivism Shaktism Smartism. Rites of passage. Philosophical schools. Gurus, saints, philosophers. Other texts.
Text classification. Other topics. Scriptures and texts. See also: List of cities in Uttar Pradesh. Islam Christianity 0. Sikhism 0. Jainism 0. Buddhism 0. Other or Not stated 0. Main article: Religion in Varanasi. Main article: Ghats in Varanasi. Dashashwamedh Ghat. Manikarnika Ghat. Main articles: Hindu temples in Varanasi and Religion in Varanasi.
See also: The City of Varanasi in Literature. Main article: Music in Varanasi. Main article: Educational institutions in Varanasi.
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