Занзибар · Zanzibar - Arabesque - Ансамбль Арабеска (Vinyl, LP) download full album zip cd mp3 vinyl flac
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Pemba has two: Pemba North and Pemba South. Concerning the independence and sovereignty of Zanzibar, Tanzania Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda said on 3 July that there was "nothing like the sovereignty of Zanzibar in the Union Government unless the Constitution is changed in future". Zanzibar House of Representatives members from both the ruling party, Chama Cha Mapinduziand the opposition party, Civic United Frontdisagreed and stood firmly in recognizing Zanzibar as a fully autonomous state.
Zanzibar has a government of national unity, with the president of Zanzibar being Ali Mohamed Sheinsince 1 November Since the early s, the politics of the archipelago have been marked by repeated clashes between these two parties.
Contested elections in October led to a massacre on 27 January when, according to Human Rights Watchthe army and police shot into crowds of protestors, killing at least 35 and wounding more than Those forces, accompanied by ruling party officials and militias, also went on a house-to-house rampage, indiscriminately arresting, beating, and sexually abusing residents.
Approximately 2, temporarily fled to Kenya. Violence erupted again after another contested election on 31 Octoberwith the CUF claiming that its rightful victory had been stolen from it. Nine people were killed. Followingnegotiations between the two parties aiming at the long-term resolution of the tensions and a power-sharing accord took place, but they suffered repeated setbacks. The most notable of these took place in Aprilwhen the CUF walked away from the negotiating table following a CCM call for a referendum to approve of what had been presented as a done deal on the power-sharing agreement.
A proposal to amend Zanzibar's constitution Занзибар · Zanzibar - Arabesque - Ансамбль Арабеска (Vinyl allow rival parties to form governments of national unity was adopted by The autonomous status of Zanzibar is viewed as comparable to Hong Kong as suggested by some scholars, and being recognized as the "African Hong Kong".
Zanzibar is one of the Indian Ocean islands. It is situated on the Swahili Coastadjacent to Tanganyika mainland Tanzania.
The northern tip of Unguja island is located at 5. The northern tip of Pemba island is located at 4. The heat of summer corresponding to the Northern Hemisphere winter is often cooled by strong sea breezes associated with the northeast monsoon known as Kaskazi in Kiswahiliparticularly on the north and east coasts.
Being near to the equator, the islands are warm year round. The rainfall regime is split into two main seasons, a primary maximum in March, April, and May in association with the southwest monsoon known locally as Kusi in Kiswahiliand a secondary maximum in November and December. The main island of Zanzibar, Ungujahas a fauna reflecting its connection to the African mainland during the last Ice Age.
Endemic mammals with continental relatives include the Zanzibar red colobus Procolobus kirkiione of Africa's rarest primates, with perhaps only 1, existing. Isolated on this island for at least 1, years, this colobus is recognized as a distinct species, with different coat patterns, calls, and food habits from related colobus species on the mainland.
About one third of them live in and around Jozani Forest. The easiest place to see the colobus is farmland adjacent to the reserve.
They are accustomed to people and the low vegetation means they come close to the ground. Rare native animals include the Zanzibar leopard  which is critically endangered, and the recently described Zanzibar servaline genet. There are no large wild animals in Unguja. Forested areas such as Jozani are inhabited by monkeys, bushpigs, small antelopes, African civetsand, as shown by a camera trap in June  the elusive leopard.
Various species of mongoose can also be found on the island. There is a wide variety of birdlife and a large number of butterflies in rural areas. Pemba Island is separated from Unguja island and the African continent by deep channels and has a correspondingly restricted fauna, reflecting its comparative isolation from the mainland.
Considerable disparities exist in the standard of living for inhabitants of Pemba and Unguja, as well as the disparity between urban and rural populations. About half the population lives below the poverty line. Despite a relatively high standard of primary health care and education, infant mortality in Zanzibar is 54 out of 1, live births, which is The child mortality rate in Zanzibar is 73 out of 1, live births, which is Life expectancy at birth is 57 years,  which is significantly lower than the world average of The northern part of the island presents elevated volumes of trash in the streets, beaches and the ocean—mostly plastic bottles, other plastics and cigarette butts.
There is indiscriminate dumping in residential areas. Medical equipment waste is a particular problem on the island. Ancient pottery implies trade routes with Zanzibar as far back as the time of the ancient Assyrians.
Traders from the Arabian Peninsulathe Persian Gulf region of modern-day Iran especially Shirazand west India probably visited Zanzibar as early as the 1st century. They used the monsoon winds to sail across the Indian Ocean to land at the sheltered harbor located on the site of present-day Zanzibar City. The cloveoriginating from the Moluccan Islands today in Indonesiawas introduced in Zanzibar by the Omani sultans in the first half of the 19th century.
Zanzibar's clove industry has been crippled by a fast-moving global marketinternational competition, and a hangover from Tanzania's failed experiment with socialism in the s and s, when the government controlled clove prices and exports. Zanzibar now ranks a distant third with Indonesia supplying 75 percent of the world's cloves compared to Zanzibar's 7 percent.
Zanzibar exports spices, seaweed and fine raffia. Tourism is a major foreign currency earner. The Government of Zanzibar legalized foreign exchange bureaux on the islands before mainland Tanzania moved to do so. The effect was to increase the availability of consumer commodities. The government has also established a free port area, which provides the following benefits: contribution to economic diversification by providing a window for free trade as well as stimulating the establishment of support services; administration of LP) regime that imports, exports, and warehouses general merchandise; adequate storage facilities and other infrastructure to cater for effective operation of trade; and creation of an efficient management system for effective re-exportation of goods.
The island's manufacturing sector is limited mainly to import substitution industries, such as cigarettes, shoes, and processed agricultural products. Inthe government designated two export-producing zones and encouraged the development of offshore financial services. Zanzibar still imports much of its staple requirements, petroleum products, and manufactured articles.
There is also a possibility of oil availability in Zanzibar on the island of Pemba, and efforts have been made by the Tanzanian Government and Zanzibar revolutionary Government to exploit what could be one of the most significant discoveries in recent memory.
Oil would help boost the economy of Zanzibar, but there have been disagreements about dividends between the Tanzanian mainland and Zanzibar, the latter claiming the oil should be excluded in Union matters. Ina Norwegian consultancy firm went to Zanzibar to determine how the region could develop its oil potential. Infewer than 20, tourists visited Zanzibar.
Five times more visitors travelled to the island in The events of September 11, reduced the inflow of tourists, which was restored only after Zanzibar has at least 6, beds across six classes of accommodation. However, there is a disproportionately large number in ungraded, one and two star categories.
The energy sector in Zanzibar consists of unreliable electric power, Занзибар · Zanzibar - Arabesque - Ансамбль Арабеска (Vinyl, petroleum and petroleum products; it is also supplemented by firewood and its related products. Coal and gas are rarely used for either domestic and industrial purposes. Unguja Zanzibar Island gets most of its electric power from mainland Tanzania through a kilometer, megawatt submarine cable from Ras Kiromoni near Dar es Salaam to Ras Fumba on Unguja.
Since MayPemba Island has had a kilometer, megawatt, subsea electrical link directly to mainland Tanzania. The cable project was financed through a 45 million euro grant from Norway and contributions of 8 million euros from the Zanzibar government and 4 million euros from the Tanzanian national government. The project ended years of dependence on unreliable and erratic diesel generation subject to frequent power cuts.
Only about 20 percent of the cable's capacity was being used in Januaryso it is anticipated that the cable will meet the island's needs for 20 to 25 years. Between 70 and 75 percent of the electricity generated is used domestically while less than 20 percent is used industrially.
Fuel wood, charcoal and kerosene are widely used as sources of energy for cooking and lighting for most rural and urban areas. The consumption capacity of petroleum, gas, oil, kerosene and industrial diesel oil is increasing annually, going from a total of 5, tons consumed in to more than 7, tons in From 21 May to 19 JuneUnguja suffered a major failure of its electricity systemwhich left the island without electrical service and mostly dependent on diesel generators.
The failure originated in mainland Tanzania. The remainder are earth roads, which are rehabilitated annually to make them passable throughout the year.
Zanzibar, to ensure the roads are passable at all times and are maintained had established a Road Fund Board, situated at maisala which collects funds and disburses to Ministry of Communication, whom is the Road Agency at this time through the Department of Road Maintenance, known as UUB.
The Road Fund Board, oversees a Performance Agreement entered between the Ministry of Communication and Infrastructure, while all the procurements and maintenances are assumed by the later. There is no government-owned public transportation in Zanzibar. The privately owned Daladalaas it is officially known in Zanzibar, is the only kind of public transportation.
The term Daladala originated from the Kiswahili word DALA Dollar or five shillings during the s and s when public transport cost five shillings to travel to the nearest town. Stone Town is the main hub for Daladalas on Zanzibar and nearly all journeys will either start or end here. As with most of East African transport, the buses do not run on set schedules - instead departing when full.
As there is no fixed schedule, it is not possible to book tickets in advance with the exception of The Zanzibus. There are plans of implementing a government-operated bus service on the island, which will bring the ground transportations more in line with the relatively developed water and air transport infrastructure, but there is currently no timeline available for this project.
With Zanzibar visitor numbers set to top 1, annually, there will be increasing pressure on the current transportation network - the bus network will reduce the number of vehicles on the road and help reduce environmental impact of tourism on the Zanzibar. There are five ports in the islands of Unguja and Pemba, all operated and developed by the Zanzibar Ports Corporation. The main port at Malindi, which handles 90 percent of Zanzibar's trade, was built in The port was rehabilitated between and with financial assistance from the European Union.
The Italian contractor, Salini Impregilo S. Phil and Sons of Denmark. The then-director of the contractor suggested that the rehabilitation would last a minimum of 50 years.
But the port is again facing problems, including sinking. The MV Faithwhich began its final journey at the port of Dar es Salaam, sank in May shortly before docking at the port of Malindi. Six of the 25 people aboard lost their lives.
In a report to the Zanzibar House of Representatives on 14 OctoberZanzibar's Second Vice President, Ambassador Seif Ali Iddisaid that 2, people were missing, bodies had been recovered, and passengers were rescued. It was the worst maritime disaster in Tanzanian history. Severe overloading caused the ferry to sink. The MV Skagitwhich also began its final journey at the port of Dar es Salaam, capsized in rough seas near Chumbe island on 18 July The ferry had passengers, with 81 dead, missing and presumed drowned, and rescued.
The ferry left port despite warnings from the Tanzania Meteorological Agency for ships not to attempt the crossing from Dar es Salaam to Unguja island because of the rough seas. A presidential commission reported in October that overloading was the cause of the disaster. Zanzibar's main airport, Abeid Amani Karume International Airporthas been able to handle large passenger planes sincewhich has resulted in an increase in passenger and cargo inflows and outflows.
Since another increase in capacity by the end ofit can serve up to 1. Every July, this event showcases the best of the Swahili Coast arts scene, including Zanzibar's favorite music, taarab.
Zanzibar also is the only place in Eastern African countries to have the longest settlement houses formally known as Michenzani flats which were built by the aid from East Germany during the s to solve housing problems in Zanzibar. InZanzibar introduced the first colour television service in sub-Saharan Africa. Zanzibar has one AM radio station  and 21 FM radio stations. Almost all mobile and Internet companies serving mainland Tanzania are also available in Zanzibar.
In there were government schools and privately owned schools in Zanzibar. Inthe three institutions had a total enrollment of students, of whom were female. The primary and secondary education system in Zanzibar is slightly different from that of the Tanzanian mainland. On the mainland, education is only compulsory for the seven years of primary education, while in Zanzibar an additional three years of secondary education are compulsory and free.
In the s, s and s, national service after secondary education was necessary, but it is now voluntary and few students volunteer. Most choose to seek employment or attend teacher's colleges.
Football is the most popular sport in Zanzibar, overseen by the Zanzibar Football Association. The Zanzibar Football Association also has a Premier League for the top clubs, which was created in Sincethere has also been judo in Zanzibar. The founder, Tsuyoshi Shimaoka, established a team that participates in national and international competitions. InZanzibar Judo Association Z.
Cloves have played a significant role in Zanzibar's historic economy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Zanzibar disambiguation. Not to be confused with Zinjibar. Semi-autonomous part of Tanzania.
Coat of arms. The major islands of Unguja and Pemba in the Indian Ocean. Swahili Arabic English. Arabs Hadimu Swahili Tumbatu. Main article: History of Zanzibar. Main article: Sultanate of Zanzibar. Main article: Zanzibar Revolution.
See also: Islam in Zanzibar. Zanzibar Religions est. Human rights. Speaker Job Ndugai. Recent elections General: Administrative divisions. Regions Districts. Foreign relations. Other countries. See also: Zanzibar independence movement. Main article: Zanzibar Archipelago. See also: Climate of Tanzania. Main article: Wildlife of Zanzibar. Main article: Tourism in Zanzibar. Retrieved 29 January IPP Media. Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 3 July Retrieved 3 December Retrieved 11 June Inside Edition.
Retrieved 16 August Mysterious Universe. Retrieved 26 June Online Etymology Dictionary. Burton The Lake Regions of Central Africa. New York: Cosimo, Inc. New York: Routledge. Lexington Books.
New York City: Dutton and Company. Zanzibar: Its History and Its People. Psychology Press. Retrieved 12 March — via Google Books. Chronicles of the London Missionary Society. Retrieved 2 November Kharusi, "The ethnic label Zinjibari: Politics and language choice implications among Swahili speakers in Oman"Ethnicities12 3 —, Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. Guinness World Records London: Guinness World Records.
Speak Magazine. Retrieved 4 January Archived from the original on 18 March Retrieved 27 August Archived from the original on 10 June Retrieved 13 August Archived from the original on 4 March ETH Zurich. Retrieved 24 October Africa Spectrum. Department of State. Retrieved 12 March Journal of Asian and African Studies.
Dar es Salaam Archdiocese. Retrieved 1 December Peace in Zanzibar. Peter Lang US. The House of Representatives - Zanzibar. Retrieved 23 October Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. Human Rights Watch. United States Virtual Presence Post. Archived from the original on 3 February Retrieved 26 October Zanzinet Forum.
Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 26 Занзибар · Zanzibar - Arabesque - Ансамбль Арабеска (Vinyl The Mammals of Zanzibar and Pemba Islands. Harpenden: privately printed. DHS Program.
Retrieved 1 April Archaeological Tours. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 December Retrieved 14 June Archived from the original on 2 May Retrieved 11 August Daily News via AllAfrica. Retrieved 14 September BBC News. Retrieved 4 August Daily News. Archived from the original on 3 May
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